The Nephrology Services staff at Castle Hospital can treat stable and acutely ill patients who have uncontrolled hypertension, fluid-electrolyte disorders, chronic kidney disease, or an acute kidney injury. The multidisciplinary team provides care ranging from traditional therapies to emerging experimental treatments for those participating in clinical trials.
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Because of their vital functions such as filtering wastes and fluids from the bloodstream, kidneys are essential for human survival. Dialysis is a treatment that filters the blood for the body when the kidneys fail. There are two types of dialysis:
In addition to working with patients needing peritoneal dialysis, the acute dialysis unit at GW Hospital has eight Fresenius K series machines and two Cobe-Spectra Plasmapheresis machines which offer patients several dialysis options:
More than 30,000 Americans suffer from kidney cancer each year and many more have suspicious growths on their kidneys requiring surgical removal or biopsy, known as nephrectomy. Kidney cancer, kidney disease, or infection can result in kidney failure. If one or both kidneys fail to operate properly, a patient may need to undergo chronic dialysis treatment or the surgical transplantation of a healthy kidney in order to sustain life.
In a partial nephrectomy, only the diseased or infected portion of the kidney is extracted. Radical nephrectomy involves the removal of the entire kidney, a section of the tube leading to the bladder (ureter), the adrenal gland, and the fatty tissue surrounding the kidney. A simple nephrectomy requires the removal of the kidney and a section of the attached ureter.